The Magon cultural-tourist circuit – started in 2012 with the fundings of the European Union – proposes a “journey of knowledge” between the territory of Carthage and the one of Selinunte, two of the most important cities of the western Mediterranean, combining the culture of wine with the extraordinary archaeological heritage and the Mediterranean diet, recognised by UNESCO as World Heritage.
The Iter Vitis-Les chemins de la vigne International Association is part of the wide network that supported it: Strada del Vino Terre Sicane Association, Città del Vino National Association, Selinunte-Cave di Cusa Archaeological Park, Superintendence for the Cultural and Environmental Heritage of Agrigento, Department of Agriculture, Rural Development and Mediterranean Fishing Soat of Sciacca,Chambre syndicale nationale des producteurs des vins, bières et alcools (Union Tunisienne de l’Industrie du Commerce et de l’Artisanat - Utica), Agence pour la Mise en Valeur du Patrimoine et de Promotion Culturelle (Amvppc), Federation Tunisienne des Agences de Voyages et de Tourisme e Institut National de Patrimoine (Inp).
Named after Magone - the Carthaginian agronomist who wrote the first treaty on agriculture and viticulture brought into the Urbe and translated into Latin by order ofthe Roman Senate when Carthage was conquered - the circuit allows to "knit" together the networks of wine itineraries . In the western Mediterranean,they connected the borders between the ancient Greek colonies and the Phoenician-Punic territories of North Africa dominated by Carthage, which reached the columns of Hercules and the Iberian territories of Annibale Barca, until the Mediterranean became the “mare nostrum” of the Roman Empire. The strategic presence of Tunisia, due to its geographical position (1300 km of coastline), has always served as an anchorage point for the different civilizations located from one side of the Mediterranean to the other, a place of products exchange and culinary contributions among different populations. Tunisia, which is part of the Mediterranean Diet community included in 2010 in the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, boasts an agricultural and gastronomic heritage full of history, which represents the collective memory of its population and whose characteristics are those of the whole Mediterranean agriculture. The crops, mostly familiar and small, for the most part are made up of cereals and olive trees (a production adapted to the local arid and fluctuating climate, and supplemented by sheep livestock. The cultural diversity is well illustrated in the cuisine: rich and elaborate with different specialties that vary according to the agricultural communities and the regions (North, South, coast, oasis, ...), generous and varied, based on fresh products of the land and dishes that are simple but rich in flavors, aromas and colors. Finally, the authentic diet of the Tunisians is aligned to that regime now threatened by the new nutritional habits linked to social changes and the effects of globalization: cereals, legumes, olive oil, fruit and vegetables, a reduced quantity of meat or fish, seasonal cheeses and eggs.