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Lamole è un piccolo borgo a pochi chilometri da Grave in Chianti, al confine fra la Provincia di Firenze e quella di Siena, nel cuore di una terra da secoli votata alla produzione di vino. Qui molti produttori di vino stanno ripristinando i “terrazzamenti” che sin dal Settecento caratterizzano un paesaggio unico, tinteggiato dal viola pallido dei giaggioli a inizio maggio, dal giallo delle ginestre da fine primavera, dal verde brillante delle viti e quello argentato degli olivi, dai colori più cupi del bosco fino ai gialli e ai rossi della maturazione autunnale. Fin dal basso Medioevo e dal Rinascimento gli spazi coltivabili sono stati conquistati con il frutto del lavoro di centinaia di persone e di una tecnica affinata nei secoli.

L’ostacolo ambientale di gran lunga più importante era ed è la pendenza del terreno mediamente superiore al 30% e spesso oltre il 50%. La realizzazione dei terrazzamenti consentiva di “rimettere in piano” il terreno, rendendolo coltivabile. Ma per trattenere quella terra sciolta, fine come cipria era necessaria anche una capillare regimazione delle acque che consentisse anche agli scrosci più impetuosi di essere assorbiti dal terreno senza asportare quel suolo prezioso. Se la terra mancava, i sassi avanzavano sempre e, per non essere costretti ad allontanarli, si suddivideva l’appezzamento avvicinando i muri fra loro e creando terrazze della larghezza di pochi metri. Lingue di terra, piccole lame, in latino “lamulae”, which the name of the place probably comes from. The rock, divided into squared stones and ordered into small walls, thus became a precious ally in the ripening of the grapes yielding in the night the heat accumulated during the day to the few clusters close to the ground of the low vines, cultivated in the “alberello” form, typical of the tradition of Lamole. Since the XVIII century, the practice of terracing extends from the rocky slopes to the Pliocene hills, with the brink where the tufo (sand) prevails and with the mountain fillings where prevails mattaione or creta (clay), but a series of agronomic treaties of the time reveal that between the XVIII and XIX centuries the situation became very critical, with a prevalence of accommodations called " rittochino". Until the '50s, the entire hilly part of central Tuscany was still affected by these particular agricultural settlements: “ciglionamenti” in sandy soils, terracing in rocky ones. Shortly before the Sixties, however, the exodus of the sharecroppers began, attracted by the factories of the city, and the rows that furrowed the hills vertically with the terracings were replaced by cultivation systems with a new version of the rittochino, this time done by machine ... The abandonment also involved the use of the wood, which a thousand years of anthropization had led to the coppice government and which supplied the local community with fuel, chestnut wood used in viticulture and in rural construction and grazing for livestock. A wood thatnow goes through, with a few exceptions, a state of serious deterioration, although recent studies have highlighted the possibility of allocating the coppice to the production of vegetable biomass for the production of energy. From the ‘90s onwards, greater attention to quality products favors the restoration or recovery of traditional systems and practices revisited in the light of new technological and productive conditions and numerous companies in the Florentine and Sienese Chianti resume the practice of terracing giving life to a work of reconstruction not only in vitiviniculture but also in landscaping.

Le caratteristiche che hanno reso famoso nei secoli il vino di Lamole non erano quelle di grandissima corposità, ma di finezza e ricchezza di profumi. La gradazione alcoolica era comunque elevata, grazie appunto all’accumulo di calore favorito dai muretti di pietra e dalle viti ad alberello. L’altitudine contribuiva ad esaltare i profumi fra i quali, peculiare di questo vino vino di Lamole, quello di mammole.

Nella Fattoria di Lamole di Paolo Socci, che ha scelto una conduzione del vigneto con produzioni molto limitate (40-50 quintali di uva ad ettaro), sono stati selezionati i cloni tipici del Sangioveto di Lamole, reimpiantati franchi di piede (senza l’innesto con la vite americana), restaurati alcuni piccoli vigneti allevati ad alberello di oltre 70 anni di età ed impiantati nuovi vigneti sperimentali.

Must see attractions:

Going back from Greve in Chianti towards Monte San Michele, along the road that leads to the village, the Castello di Lamole is clearly visible in the middle of its valley of chestnut and larch trees. Placed on a rock spur and surrounded by woods since 1000, it has retained its strategic position in defense of the Florentine borders assumed during the war between Florence and Siena. The Castle, which had been built by the Lombards on a previous Roman settlement to watch an important way of communication, belonged to the Ghibelline family of the Cavalcanti, who in 1304 rebelled, together with other families, to the authority of the municipality of Florence and established their headquarters in the Castle. After having besieged it, the Florentines demolished it and locked up the inhabitants in the new prisons built in Florence on the Uberti grounds, which from this episode took the name (Carcere delle Stinche). Later the castle was rebuilt and inhabited again until, over time, once the need for a defense of the borders by the Florentine seigniory was over, it saw its towers and its "ladies' houses" transformed into farmhouses, acquiring the current appearance. The settlement has a group of buildings, more or less high, placed in an elliptical shape and distributed for a length of about 600 meters to constitute the defense walls. The village, whose housing units still retain many of the medieval architectural aspects, is crossed in its entirety by two small streets that run parallel and that form three small squares, the main square is located at the end of the town and of the spur of rock on which the whole village is located. In the writing desk of the Fattoria di Lamole, a cabreo from 1772 shows a plan and a view of the castle.

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