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Piacenza, una terra di vitigni

Piacenza, una terra di vitigni

La terra dei vitigni a Piacenza (che partecipa al GAL del Ducato, socio Iter Vitis), può essere scoperta percorrendo un itinerario che tocca le quattro valli principali dell’Appennino Piacentino (Arda, Nure, Trebbia e Tidone), ricco di testimonianze storiche e di paesaggi straordinari chealle colline ricoperte dai vigneti alterna castelli e monasteri di assoluta bellezza.

Non vi è dubbio alcuno, a Piacenza il vino è cultura e tradizione!

Da epoche remote in questa terra si producono vini straordinari i cui vitigni sono stati impiantati dai paleo-liguri, dagli etruschi e dai romani e tale storia è rappresentata da numerosi reperti archeologici, uno su tutti il “Gutturnium”, famosa coppa d’argento riccamente lavorata e rinvenuta nel 1878 nelle sabbie del PO a Croce Santo Spirito, attualmente conservato nel museo capitolino in Roma.

Paolo III Farnese beveva vini piacentini, Carlo III di Spagna li assaggiò e Filippo V li faceva giungere in Spagna.

Il Consorzio tutela Vini DOC Piacentini, si è costituito nel 1986 per esercitare la tutela e la valorizzazione delle seguenti denominazioni di origine protetta:Colli Piacentini, Gutturnio, Ortrugo dei Colli Piacentini (enunciabile anche Ortrugo – Colli Piacentini)e delle seguenti Indicazioni Geografiche Protette:Terre di Veleja e Val Tidone.

Nel sito del Consorzio (www.piace-doc.it), si possono trovare molte informazioni sui luoghi di produzione e sulla storia vitivinicola piacentina.

Nel 2000 è stata inoltre fondata l’Associazione della Strada dei Vini e dei Sapori dei Colli Piacentini (www.stradadeicollipiacentini.it).

CONSORZIO TUTELA VINI D.O.C COLLI PIACENTINI

Strada Val Nure, 3 – 29122 Piacenza

Tel. 0523 591720 – Fax. 0523 592564

www.piace-doc.it

 

Parma e i suoi vini

Parma e i suoi vini

L’area produttiva dei Vini di Parma (che partecipa al GAL del Ducato, socio Iter Vitis), è compresa tra l’Appennino e la pianura padana, un territorio che racchiude una straordinaria varietà di paesaggi, talmente ricco di prodotti eno-gastronomici da meritarsi l’appellativo di “Food Valley”.

Un territorio i cui vitigni storici, “approdati” nel 1982 nel disciplinare di produzione dei vini a denominazione di origine controllata e tutelati dal Consorzio Volontario per la Tutela dei Vini D.O.P. ” Colli di Parma”, sono il Malvasia di Candia aromatica, il Sauvigno

n blanc, il Barbera, il Bonarda, quest’ultimo via via avvicendato dal Croatina, a cui per il loro perfetto ambientamento alle caratteristiche pedologiche e climatiche del territorio collinare parmense in anni più recenti si sono aggiunti il Pinot nero, il Pinot bianco, il Pinot grigio, lo Chardonnay, il Merlot, il Cabernet Franc, il Cabernet Sauvignon ed il Lambrusco (varietà Maestri).

Nel sito del Consorzio di Tutela dei Vini D.O.P. ” Colli di Parma” (www.viniparma.it), si possono trovare molte informazioni sui luoghi di produzione, sulla storia vitivinicola di questi territori, sulle aziende aderenti al Consorzio.

Consigliata la visita alla “Cantina dei Musei del Cibo”, inaugurata nel 2013, un percorso espositivo e sensoriale interamente dedicato al vino di Parma, alla sua storia e alla sua cultura, ospitato nella Rocca Sanvitale di Sala Baganza.

Da non dimenticare che nel territorio di Parma opera l’Associazione della Strada del Prosciutto e dei vini dei colli (www.stradadelprosciutto.it).

CONSORZIO VOLONTARIO PER LA TUTELA DEI VINI DEI COLLI DI PARMA

Via Verdi, 2 – 43121 Parma

Tel/Fax +39 0521 207066

info@viniparma.it

The Media Valle of the Tiber, a hinge and border between Etruscans and Umbrians

Thanks to the continental climate, the clayey-limestone structure of the land and the geographical configuration in elevation that give it a happy sun exposure, Umbria is a land of great wines. Despite having a reduced and apparently homogeneous extension area of vines, the region presents a very complex oenological panorama due to the lack of coincidence of the geographical boundaries with the cultural limes, an expression of the different civilizations that have alternated over the centuries. In pre-Roman times, in fact, the Umbrians occupied a territory wider than the current one: the borders extended to the north to the Po and to the east to the shores of the Adriatic. With the Augustan subdivision in Regio VII and Regio VI, ager gallicus is incorporated in the east, while Perugia, Orvieto and the territories beyond the Tiber are assigned to Etruria.

The Orvieto district with the homonymous Trebbiano, on the one hand, and the internal area along the Flaminia with the Trebbiano Spoletino bred in expanded forms and the Sagrantino di Montefalco on the other, have their own characteristics of very different viticultures. The shores of the middle course of the Tiber seem to represent the rigid border line between Etruscans and Umbrians, but archaeological evidence, on the other hand, shows the absolute permeability of these border areas as well as the osmosis of cultures and practices between these two peoples.

Orvieto (Tr)

The wine tradition of the Orvieto area has ancient roots. Already the Etruscans had dug wine cellars in the tuffaceous rock, which characterizes the city, and in the cool of these caves the fermentation was completed only after several months, leaving the wine with a sugar residual that contributed to decree its success. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance it was one of the favorite wines of the Papal Court, praised by poets, artists and famous men, including Pinturicchio. The Opera del Duomo itself bestowed it on important occasions such as the completion of important works or at the request of the head master, and it was expressly requested in work contracts, such as the one stipulated by Luca Signorelli in 1500 for the realization of the frescoes. In more recent times, it was used by Garibaldi and the Mille to toast, before leaving the port of Talamone for the Sicilian adventure; D'Annunzio called it "Sole d'Italia in bottiglia"; Enrico Fermi and the boys from Via Panisperna greeted the nuclear reaction with glasses of Orvieto. In addition to Trebbiano or Procanico in Orvieto Doc there is the Grechetto di Orvieto, a vine brought to southern Italy by Greek settlers and more widespread in the Orvieto area, in the province of Terni and partly in the province of Perugia. Verdello and the Drupeggio.

Montefalco (Pg)

The Sagrantino is only cultivated in Umbria, in particular in the territory of the municipalities of Montefalco and part of the territory of the towns of Bevagna, Gualdo Cattaneo, Castel Ritaldi and Giano dell'Umbria in the province of Perugia. The first testimonies that prove its presence date back to the early 500s. Some speculate that Sagrantino was imported from Asia Minor by the devotees of St. Francis returning from their preaching trips around the XIV-XV century. Its name derives from the Latin sacer = sacred for the custom of the friars to obtain a passito wine to be used in religious rites. Some monasteries in the area still preserve centenarian strains of Sagrantino bred in the form of a pergola. It seems then that the local farmers used it for the holidays and religious celebrations.

The Trebbiano spoletino, not yet registered in the register of cultivars but classified as "local spread ecotype", has its distribution area in the southern Umbra Valley crossed by the Ruicciano and Tatarena streams (Spoleto, Castel Ritaldi, Montefalco and Trevi). It is characterized by vigorous bearing and expanded forms. In the past it was cultivated frank of foot, in the form of a tree and with the support of the living tutor.

Salina, the charm of the sea and the land

Salina, the charm of the sea and the land

The first settlers of ancient Greece called this island with the name Didyme, for the unmistakable appearance of the two "twin" mountains that stood out against the sea. At the center of the island, set in the Aeolian archipelago in the province of Messina, a 285 meters high depression, the fertile saddle of Valdichiesa, cultivated with Malvasia vineyards, separates the two groups of reliefs. The natural beauties, the various geological and volcanological aspects, the traces of prehistoric settlements, Greeks and Romans, let the seven islands to gain the inclusion (in 2002) in the UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to the dual character of the archaeological park and volcanological landscape in constant evolution.

Salina still manages to retain the charm of a place deeply marked by ancient history, where important evidences related to maritime and agricultural activities are intertwined with the fertility of the land, covered by the vineyards of Malvasia grape and caper bush, quality products exported throughout the world. The trade itself has always characterized the economy of the island, making an obligatory stop of the itineraries traveled by the merchants of the sea on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts of Sicily to the port of Naples.

From Malvasia, an autochthonous vine that is now cultivated in rows (it has almost completely disappeared the system of prieule , that's the low pergolas), the famous Malvasia delle Lipari Doc, a golden yellow wine with amber reflections, is obtained with the drying process. It is carachterised by an intense smell of broom flowers and aromatic herbs, hints of ripe apricot and pleasantly honeyed, full, aromatic and persistent taste. This wine, introduced into the island by the Greeks around 588 a. C. (its name derives almost certainly from the Greek city Monenvasìa, from the Morea region, now Peloponnese), is one of the oldest ones in Sicily and its technique is repeated for centuries: the grapes are harvested in an advanced state of ripeness, exposed to the sun for 10-15 days on traditional racks of canes (cannizzzi) and turned into must with "beam" presses. In this generous land the caper is also born, a cultivation that comes naturally on terraced land most exposed to the sun, characterized by the unmistakable dry stone walls that surround and delimit the gardens and houses.

Info: www.comune.santa-marina-salina.me.it

Favignana (Tp), the "butterfly" of the Egadi islands

Favignana is the largest island of the Egadi archipelago, also called, due to its shape, the "butterfly" of the Egadi. The ancient name Aegusa underlined this particularity, while the current one derives from Favonio, which is a west wind that determines the mild climate of the island and that has a providential effect on the cultivated vineyards, naturally defending the grapes from the attacks of molds and parasites that could weigh on viticulture.

From this production context, so particular for its pedoclimatic conditions and its surprising scenic beauty, at the beginning of the ‘900s the vitis vinifera disappeared.

Thanks to the Progetto Insulae in the vineyards of the Firriato Estate, which have an extension of five hectares just a few steps away from the sea - the vines “ad alberello” will now be replanted on sandy terrains, between emerging tuff rocks and red sand. The sea will have a fundamental role in forging the organoleptic properties of the grapes and therefore of the wine that will derive from them, donating a bag of saline components of great value.

Lamole, the ancient terracing of Chianti

Lamole, the ancient terracing of Chianti

Lamole è un piccolo borgo a pochi chilometri da Grave in Chianti, al confine fra la Provincia di Firenze e quella di Siena, nel cuore di una terra da secoli votata alla produzione di vino. Qui molti produttori di vino stanno ripristinando i “terrazzamenti” che sin dal Settecento caratterizzano un paesaggio unico, tinteggiato dal viola pallido dei giaggioli a inizio maggio, dal giallo delle ginestre da fine primavera, dal verde brillante delle viti e quello argentato degli olivi, dai colori più cupi del bosco fino ai gialli e ai rossi della maturazione autunnale. Fin dal basso Medioevo e dal Rinascimento gli spazi coltivabili sono stati conquistati con il frutto del lavoro di centinaia di persone e di una tecnica affinata nei secoli.

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Pompeii, the historic places of wine (Campania)

The studies conducted in ancient Pompeii have highlighted the presence of vine areas around the Amphitheater. Aiming to return those spaces to their former use, the choice of varieties to be planted was established by an ampelographic study compared to the bunches of grapes depicted in the frescoes and to those of the Campania vines of Greco-Roman descent. Following the cultivation experimentation, two native vines were re-planted, the Sciascinoso and the Piedirosso. Currently the grapes produced in the vineyards of ancient Pompeii are vinified by Mastroberardino with the name of Villa dei Misteri.

Info:www.pompeiisites.org/Sezione.jsp?titolo=I%20luoghi%20storici%20del%20vino%20in%20Campania&idSezione=2341&idSezioneRif=2337

The Cinque Terre, the vineyards overlooking the sea

The Cinque Terre, the vineyards overlooking the sea

With the name of Cinque Terre we refer to that stretch of coast of about fifteen kilometers along the coast of the extreme eastern Liguria, so called from the marine places of Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore (in the province of La Spezia) that are almost at the same distance from each other, facing the sea, clinging to the rock and nestling in narrow, steep valleys. The name "terra" is here synonymous with a medieval village. The area, deeply modified over the centuries in its geographic and morphological physiognomy by the hard work of man, is characterized by coastlines overlooking the sea with bays and beaches, thousands of kilometers of dry stone walls to mark the terraces for the cultivation of the vine, the characteristic rustics, the medieval villages, the sanctuaries, the panoramic paths on the sea and on the slopes.

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Merano, the biggest and oldest vine in Europe

23Le viti ultracentenarie

The largest and oldest vine in Europe is over 350 years old and has 350 square meters of fronds, from it, a wine produced from the Wine Cellar of the Centro Sperimentale Laimburg is born. It is the "Versoaln", which can be visited at Castel Katzenzungen in Prissiano, where you can also buy the wine with a certificate. At a short distance from the Gardens of Sissi in Trauttmansdorff Castle, on the other hand, a gold copy of a 7,000-year-old grape seed and a 2,400-year-old pomace of South Tyrol are exhibited.

Info: www.giardinidisissi.it

Isera, the excellent vineyards of Vallagarina

Isera, the excellent vineyards of Vallagarina

Isera, a city with a strong architectural imprint left by the Venetian domination, stands out not only for being the "capital" of the Marzemino, but also and above all for the commitment that the administration has dedicated to respecting the environment and preserving the territory for years. In fact, Isera is the only example in Europe of a model municipality for the production of renewable and sustainable energy, thanks to two projects already underway: the photovoltaic and noise barrier on the Brenner A22 and the system for the generation of hydrogen produced with photovoltaic energy. Every year, "The excellent vineyard" returns, a prize dedicated not to the final product, the wine, but to the single vineyard and above all to the work of the winemaker. The Marzemino is an Italian native vine, which appeared in Italy in the XV century in the area of Brescia, Padua and in Friuli and is now particularly cultivated also in Trentino (Marzemino Gentile variety), in the territory of Isera, where it found the ideal habitat on the dark basaltic lands, and of Volano. Here the Trentino Marzemino DOC wine is born, the most typical of Vallagarina, and here the vineyard becomes at the same time the scenery and resource of an environment in which man, thanks to the attentive care dedicated to the production of quality grapes, leaves a significant trace , resulting in a collective improvement and a revaluation of the entire landscape.

Isera is located in the province of Trento and is located in Vallagarina, dotted with vineyards and castles, the protagonist of Trentino history. Among the main attractions of cultural interest is the M.A.R.T, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art. The Italian Historic Museum of War in the Castle of Rovereto, which for over eighty years has been collecting and preserving finds and documents relating to the First World War, is otherwise interesting. On Monte Zugna, the extraordinary discovery of the dinosaur tracks, clearly visible in a rocky ridge. The surrounding hills of Vallgarina are dotted with castles: among the most spectacular ones, there certainly is Castel Beseno, which dominates the plain of Besenello, then Castel Noarna, Castello di Castellano, Castel Pietra, the aforementioned Castle of Rovereto, the Castle of Sabbionara d 'Avio and in the Municipality of Isera Castel Corno. The Isera Museum of postcard and minor collectors is curious. Over 35,000 postcards of different kinds are shown, in particular the areas of Rovereto, Trentino-Alto Adige, with military themes, advertising and designed by famous illustrators; a library with about 5,000 volumes, including 500 of a specialized nature, and a collection of small stamps used in the past to close the letters.

Info: Municipality of Isera, Via Ravagni, 8 – 38060 Isera (Tn)- Tel. 0464.433792

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